5 Different Instructional Strategies for Teachers or Leaders

7 Qualities of Outstanding Teachers and Leaders:
March 28, 2019
Give me a moment, please, I’m thinking.
May 23, 2019

Ways to Engage and Empower Students or Class Participants:

1. Ask Questionsabout the topic from the beginning of each class.
Call on certain students or call on the raised hands. If students don’t raise hands right away, wait a few seconds; they just may be thinking.  if the student doesn’t know the answer: give a clue; a multiple choice question; it sounds like……; it starts with the letter ____; phone a friend; ask another student to help out with the answer. If a student says the incorrect answer, say: “Right answer, sorry – wrong question. Good try.” Later in the class, ask the “right” question for that student’s answer. Instruct the student to answer as they did before. It’s funny; a chuckle.)
{You are engaging students in cognitive andcreative thinking; problem solving, confidence building to answer questions in front of the class,etc.}

2. Praise Positive Behavior; Smile:   : )
Give positive reinforcement to respectful, focused, and engaged behavior. (Give a student or the whole class who displays the aforementioned, lots of positive reinforcement.You can state: “In this class, as we engage in our tasks, I’ll be recognizing outstanding students.” OR: “I’m going to see if there are any students who exhibit respectful behavior or are good leaders in the class. You’ll be rewarded.”
{You are then spending most of the class time rewarding positive behavior rather than focusing on managing disruptive behavior; only spend a short amount of time managing disruptive behavior, if possible. Discipline in a fair but firm manner; then let it go. There are a lot of other respectful faces looking at you.}You can reward respectful students with little things, e.g., candy, cute pencils, etc…

3. Engage students in respectful and focused behavior by always keeping them engaged in class activities:
As you display visual images, slides, videos, power points, etc., have students complete a hand-out of questions and answers along with the visual display. You are assisting all to be focused on and engaged in the visual and audio content. (After: you can have students answer individually; or gather in groups to discuss and then give group answers; or, create something new for the answers, etc. Give rewards for participation, good responses, good group work, etc. Look for group leaders; have groups assign leaders, etc.) You can reward respectful students with little things, e.g., candy, cute pencils, etc
{You are engaging students in psycho-motor behaviorwith pencils/paper; cognitive/creativethinking; problem solvingwith Q&A Hand-out}{In groups, students are learning to work collaboratively, as a team, developing positive social behavior.}

4. Involve students in psycho-motor(movement) and creative group work activities which help them to develop problem solving skills, collaboration, teamwork, and leadership.
Have students create movements, art work, projects, sounds, music, etc., to accompany the task assigned. (Reminder:Make sure that you, the teacher, model a potential completed activity to the class first – as an example; and, then, give detailed and extremely specific directions sequentially as the students create the activity, e.g.: {Step #1: Assign or ask students to gather in groups of three, etc. Step #2: Start the group work with everyone writing or saying (if smaller children) a suggestion of how to do the activity; Step #3: Have each student in the group share their proposed activity to the rest of the group, etc.) You, the teacher, can appoint group leaders; the groups can appoint group leaders; when they appear to be finishing, ask if they need more time; three minutes? etc.; you can ask each group one at a time to demonstrate their activity to the entire class; each group can ask the other groups to engage in their activities; you, the teacher, can engage in the activities with the students. The students may wish to stand and/or move around the room, use props, instruments, make something, etc. with their movements. You, the teacher, then become the “guide” or a team member rather than the leader.)
{You are developing creative thinking; psycho-motor activities(hands on); rewarding problem-solving, group work, leadershipand empowering the students with “buy-in” to feel like important team membersin the class, i.e., giving them a sense of ownership and pride.}

5. Mix it up with a variety of activities to encourage focus and attention which requires you to Be Prepared in Advance:
Students will stay more focused, attentive, and engaged with a variety of activities. Keep the pace of the class flowing from one activity to another; you’ll keep the students guessing as to what’s coming next, or have the students choose what’s next
from a list of your prepared activities.
{You must spend the necessary amount of time outside of class engaging in careful planning and preparation.  Always have “more” than enough to do. Get to class early.}

1 Comment

  1. Julia Pietrangelo says:

    Fantastic advice for the novice teacher or someone with 25 years of experience. Full of common sense, yet uniquely insightful. More please.

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